Now that the capital markets are once again opening, many foreign issuers will consider accessing the U.S. markets as part of their financing strategy. Foreign issuers that do not wish to become subject to U.S. reporting requirements have a number of alternatives including private placements of debt securities and Rule 144A offerings. Speakers discussed the institutional debt private placement market and the 144A market. For foreign issuers that choose to go public in the U.S., there have been a number of recent developments to consider. Speakers discussed these developments, including those that are part of the SEC’s Foreign Issuer Reporting Enhancements (FIRE).