MoFo News Item

Morrison & Foerster Wins Groundbreaking Increase in State Foster Family Support

22 Dec 2021

A Morrison & Foerster pro bono team has won increases of up to 46% in the financial support provided to foster parents by New York State through settlement of a lawsuit the firm filed 11 years ago on behalf of the Adoptive and Foster Family Coalition of New York (AFFCNY). Under the settlement, New York’s Office of Children and Family Services (OCFS) will, for the first time, determine foster care rates by applying a methodology that accounts for the costs that are delineated in the federal Child Welfare Act.

New York Litigation Partner Grant Esposito and Of Counsel Adam Hunt led the yearslong case, which included two trips to the Second Circuit Court of Appeals and one to the U.S. Supreme Court. A key issue was whether the Child Welfare Act provides a private right of action, empowering foster parents to sue when a state’s foster care payments are inadequate to cover the costs of caring for children, including items such as food, clothing, and shelter, as well as supervision during out-of-school hours, travel for family visits, and school supplies. After the district court initially ruled that parents could not bring suit, MoFo Appellate Partner Brian Matsui obtained a reversal in the Second Circuit. Adam prevailed at an evidentiary hearing on the standing issue, which Brian also successfully defended on appeal. The team then defeated the state’s petition for certiorari review at the U.S. Supreme Court and settlement discussions began in earnest.

The focus of the suit was on the rates. A study conducted by the advocacy group Children's Rights in partnership with the University of Maryland had determined that New York’s rates were woefully inadequate to pay the costs mandated by the Child Welfare Act. Greg Eastman, from Cornerstone Research—who provided his services as an expert economist in the case pro bono—then adapted that study to calculate the specific amounts by which New York fell short. Another issue was a peculiarity of New York’s social service law, which sets the state’s foster care rates as maximums and allows local social service districts, which actually administer the foster care system, to make even lower payments to local foster parents.

Key provisions in the settlement include:

  • An initial increase of more than 46% in the monthly reimbursement of expenses for children in foster care in the New York City area.
  • An increase of 20%–40% in the monthly reimbursement of expenses for children in foster care in the rest of the state, depending on the child’s age.
  • An increase of, on average, 25% in support for the care of children with special needs, and implementation of a new “extraordinary” rate for children who require full-time care, such as those with the most serious medical conditions.
  • Annual adjustment of all rates to keep them in line with inflation.
  • OCFS-proposed legislation mandating that the state rates are minimums that must be provided to foster parents.
  • A meeting between OCFS and plaintiffs one year before the agreement expires to discuss continued use of the new rate-setting methodology.

“In addition to helping so many deserving New York foster families gain access to vital financial resources needed to adequately care for their foster children, this case is special to me because it is one of the first matters I took on when I joined the firm,” said Adam, who has been working on the case throughout his more than 10 years at MoFo. “In many ways, I learned how to be a lawyer through my work on the case and this positive outcome is not only extremely gratifying to me as a lawyer, but it also serves as a great example of why MoFo encourages and supports the critical pro bono work we do here at the firm.” Grant added, “The two constants during this yearslong effort were the client’s unwavering support for foster parents and Adam’s tireless dedication to the cause. Brian and I are so proud of what that formidable team has accomplished.”

Sarah Gerstenzang, AFFCNY board president and foster/adoptive parent, added, “Caring for children who have been traumatized is both an extraordinary challenge and a joy to see them heal. And while we know that families will still cover extra expenses, this increase will go a long way in making it possible for many more New Yorkers to volunteer their time to care for these vulnerable children. We are very grateful to our attorneys that more children will have the opportunity to live in a family rather than an institution because of their expertise and hard work.”

Adam is the recipient of Morrison & Foerster’s 2018 Kathi Pugh Award for pro bono service and a President’s Pro Bono Service Award from the New York State Bar Association in 2017.

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